Wooden Chess Sets

Competitions, DIY, New Item, Shop Stuff

Using a laser to quickly make wooden items is easy. However, to make nicely finished items requires more than just a “cut-and-go” approach. I made some travel chess sets by cutting and engraving the board and pieces using a laser. But this was just a very small part of the project. Here is the finished project after many hours of designing, sanding, cutting, staining, more sanding, gluing, sanding and more sanding (available here).

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Finished chess set – Open, Closed and Ready for play.

This chess set is based on another set that I have, but people dislike the pixelated pieces (see/get the pixelated set here). Using the same layout  as with the pixeladed set I redraw the pieces, first in Corel Draw. I then added the shade in Photoshop and ported it back to Corel to finalize it before sending it to the laser.

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“Classic” piece design.

(In previous projects I started with drawing the images first using Photoshop and saving them as .jpg. I then generated the vectors and exported them as .ia files from Photoshop. I imported the .jpg into Corel and overlay the .ai vectors. This allows me to make the cuts after the images have been engraved, exactly where the outline paths are generated (I used it in several other projects). HOWEVER, the paths that are generated from a bitmap type image are not exact. This means when a circle is converted from a bitmap to a vector, it is not completely round as the path is followed where the pixels are located. These which are never at a high enough resolution to be perfectly round (for the pixelated chess set I fixed ALL the lines in Corel since the lines are supposed to be straight but the path generated is often not). The inaccuracies creates a small problem as pieces are not 100% symmetrical. It cannot be seen by eye but since the front and back pieces in this chess set is the same it is possible to place the piece backwards when storing. This asymmetry can make the piece get stuck when placed in backwards. – Starting with the vectors, as I done in this project is much thus much faster and mode accurate.)

In addition to the wooden parts I also design the leather hinges, feet, latches, and cardboard sleeve. The design of the board and pieces, and other parts (including some test cuts), takes the second place for most time spent on this project.

I use a custom jig to hold the plywood flat when cutting. This is probably the best jig that I have ever made since plywood is never completely flat and the focus of a laser is always exact (this is one of the main reasons why I was considering the Glowforge laser, which has auto-focus).

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My favorite jig.

The boards and pieces are engraved and cut at an angle (4 degrees), relative to laser bed layout and wood grain (see below). There are several reasons why I do this. The first is that it ensures that the pieces are less likely to break. Since I engrave on both sides there is a chance that the wood in the middle sheet (there is only 3 sheets in this plywood) would need to carry most of the strain. If the grain in this sheet is in the wrong direction the pieces would could break more easily. However, when engraved at an angle the grain cannot be parallel to the weakest point and the pieces are stronger. I also found that engraving at an angle makes the horizontal lines slightly lighter and the vertical lines slightly darker (this is due to the laser only flashing quickly when engraving thin vertical lines part while being continuously on while engraving thin horizontal lines – when engraving lines at 90 degree angles). The engraving is thus much more even. A larger angle would probably be better but 4 degrees is the maximum I can turn the parts and get the same number of boards cut.

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Engraving the pieces at a 4 degree angle.

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Engraving the boards – also at an angle.

After the pieces are engraved and cut, I engrave them on the other side.

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The engraving of the back.

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Pieces engraved and cut. Top – front engraving, slightly more stained because this is also the cutting side. Bottom – back engraving.

I remove the pieces and make a deep engraving to create recesses for the leather hinges and feet. This allows the leather parts to sit in the wood. It also ensure that the parts are glued much more securely. I add masking tape at this stage to reduce the amount of sanding needed to clean the part later.

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Masking to reduce stain before deep engraving.

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Recesses for hinges and feet.

Next the feet and hinges are cut.

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Leather feet and hinges.

Once all the parts are cut, the biggest part of any woodwork project begins – sanding. First I remove the burrs on the bottom of the pieces where they were attached to the wood. This means they will slide more easily into and out of the recesses when the board is assembled (I also sand the burr in the recess).

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Removing the small burr where the piece was attached.

I sand everything with 400 grit sandpaper to remove all the laser burns and stains, being careful not to sand to deep and remove any of the engraving.

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The start of the sanding process.

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Top – not sanded. Bottom – sanded. Both pieces were wiped with ethanol to remove some of the stains.

I stain the dark pieces with light walnut (this gives a similar color to the dark squares on the board).

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Test staining to get the color correct.

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Staining.

After drying each piece is sanded again, very gently with 800 grit sandpaper. The light pieces is also sanded at 800 grit to give a silky smooth feeling to every piece.

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More sanding – up to 800 grit.

During this time the board is assembled. The front and back parts are glued together.

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Never enough clamps.

After gluing the edges are given a final sanding and the corners slightly softened.

The leather feet and hinges are glued in place. Small screws are added to the hinges, more for aesthetics than anything else. Everything is clamped overnight.

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Adding the leather hinges.

The last part to make is a sleeve for each set. This is also done on the laser. Although it may not seem to be very exciting (and no one really cares to hear about this part) it is very nice, just insert cardboard or paper into the machine and get perfectly fitting boxes and sleeves (or circular labels). I of course spent a bit of time designing these but now I can make many without too much trouble.

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Cardboard sleeves.

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Perfect cut labels.

The final step is to check that each piece fits into their respective slots and into the board. I fix any minor problems with more gentle sanding, and touching up with stain if required.

With the pieces stored the board can be closed with the custom leather lathes. These are now ready to be sold (buy it here), used, or given away (see the video to see when I give them away).

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Custom latches to keep set closed – see video for how they work.

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Cat tax – photo of the Kwagga taste testing the camera tripod.

I think I am now done with the flat-pack type travel chess sets. I like this set more than the pixelated set. I may make another chess set in the future but the next project I am working on is more mechanical with several gears and other moving bits, stay tuned to see how it turns out…

R

Mini Puzzle Box

Competitions, Induku Wooden Models, New Item, Shop Stuff

Since I discovered puzzle boxes I wanted one. I still want to, one day, own a high quality decorative box that require more than 50 steps to open. Because I have access to  a laser cutter and some thin wood I decided to make my own (I made a few and will give some away comment on the video to stand a chance to win one).

I call this box the ibhokisi. It is the Zulu word for box. I made several prototypes until I had one that I could sell as a kit. This kit is small enough to fit into a postcard sized envelope and makes a lovely gift “card”. I also personalize the the box by engraving a message or name on one of the sides: get yours here!

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The whole kit.

Plans to construct the box is included and also show how to open and close the box. Download it here:

puzzle box

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All the bits and pieces.

I am not sure exactly how to count the number of steps but if each separate move is a step it takes 13 moves to open the box. The majority of these steps is navigating through the maze on the one side of the inner drawer of the box.

I am also not exactly sure where I saw this type of mechanism and cannot find it online at this stage. I have however seen it somewhere and any comments/links to the origin of this mechanism would be appreciated.

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Opened successfully.

Lastly, in a shameless attempt to grow my YouTube channel I am going to give away several of these box kits:

  • I will give one to the first subscriber of my channel that comment on the box video (to be uploaded soon).
  • I will give a  kit to one of the first 10 commenters  on the box video (chosen at random – must be a subscriber).
  • I will give a  kit to one of the first 100 commenters  on the box video (chosen at random – must be a subscriber).
  • I will continue to give a box away for every 10 fold increase in comments, as long as I live (assuming YouTube is still around and this video is still available through them).
  • Full instructions will be posted online.

Subscribe to my channel now to get an update of when the video is uploaded and comment first (or soon to increase your chances of getting a box kit) – IF you want a puzzle box of your own.

I will make more puzzle boxes in the future. I will make them larger and more intricate with novel mechanisms (some of these are already rolling around in my head). I am very happy with the final version of this first mini puzzle box and are looking forward to designing more.

R

See more Induku wooden models here:

Strandbeest Kit

Windup Car (envelope sized kit)

Or buy them here: Shop at Induku Design.

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Rubber Band Car

Induku Wooden Models, New Item, Shop Stuff

For a long time I wanted to make automata with some kind of self driven mechanism. This car is the first step in this direction. It has a working engine, driven by 2 rubber bands and comes in a kit that is only 105 x 210 x 1 cm in size. This is the standard size of a postcard. I sell these and ship them in an envelope and they make awesome Birthday cards (who would not want a rubber band driven, wind up, laser cut plywood car kit  as a gift). If you are interested in one get it here:

Buy It Here!

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All the bits and pieces.

As with many of the things that I have been making recently, it is a laser cut model. Most of the parts are pressed out from 3 mm plywood sheets. The axles are 4 mm dowels and everything assembles quite easily. Download the instructions* here:

windup_car_download_logo

*Note the hard part of developing a kit is, for me, the instruction manual. Again writing the manual took more time than developing rest of the whole kit.

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1 of 2 postcard sized part sheets.

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All the parts removed and sorted.

A small bit of CA-glue (supper glue) is needed to ensure there is no slippage of the gears on the axles. This is in different to many models that can be assembled without glue – but to tame the 2 band power of the engine it is necessary in this model. A bit of wax on the gear teeth allows for smooth running of the mechanism.

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CA-glue needed mostly on the drive gear.

The best part of the car is the gear system. In contrast to the gears in the Strandbeest model, there is an increase in the number of rotations from the drive gear to the final gear, rather than a reduction. The reason for this is two fold:

  • First it is to allow the car to run farther than just 2 turns of the wheels. Two turns is close to the maximum that the rubber bands can be wound. With the gear ratio of 1:3 and 2 sets of gears the large wheels turn approximately 18 times making the car go 3 – 4 meters on only 2 turns of the key.
  • The second reason is to slow down the mechanism. The gear train ends with a flywheel and total gear ratio of 1:27. The moment of inertia of this small flywheel is enough to slow down the mechanism sufficiently (although the car still moves reasonably fast).
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Mechanism in action. Drive to fly wheel ratio = 1:27

I am very happy with how this model has turned out. Let me know what you think about it, or feel free to get your own (here) if you think it is awesome.

I am already busy designing a new model and are currently very exited about it. Follow me on any of the social media channels to see what it is.

R

 

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