Wooden Chess Sets

Competitions, DIY, New Item, Shop Stuff

Using a laser to quickly make wooden items is easy. However, to make nicely finished items requires more than just a “cut-and-go” approach. I made some travel chess sets by cutting and engraving the board and pieces using a laser. But this was just a very small part of the project. Here is the finished project after many hours of designing, sanding, cutting, staining, more sanding, gluing, sanding and more sanding (available here).


Finished chess set – Open, Closed and Ready for play.

This chess set is based on another set that I have, but people dislike the pixelated pieces (see/get the pixelated set here). Using the same layout  as with the pixeladed set I redraw the pieces, first in Corel Draw. I then added the shade in Photoshop and ported it back to Corel to finalize it before sending it to the laser.


“Classic” piece design.

(In previous projects I started with drawing the images first using Photoshop and saving them as .jpg. I then generated the vectors and exported them as .ia files from Photoshop. I imported the .jpg into Corel and overlay the .ai vectors. This allows me to make the cuts after the images have been engraved, exactly where the outline paths are generated (I used it in several other projects). HOWEVER, the paths that are generated from a bitmap type image are not exact. This means when a circle is converted from a bitmap to a vector, it is not completely round as the path is followed where the pixels are located. These which are never at a high enough resolution to be perfectly round (for the pixelated chess set I fixed ALL the lines in Corel since the lines are supposed to be straight but the path generated is often not). The inaccuracies creates a small problem as pieces are not 100% symmetrical. It cannot be seen by eye but since the front and back pieces in this chess set is the same it is possible to place the piece backwards when storing. This asymmetry can make the piece get stuck when placed in backwards. – Starting with the vectors, as I done in this project is much thus much faster and mode accurate.)

In addition to the wooden parts I also design the leather hinges, feet, latches, and cardboard sleeve. The design of the board and pieces, and other parts (including some test cuts), takes the second place for most time spent on this project.

I use a custom jig to hold the plywood flat when cutting. This is probably the best jig that I have ever made since plywood is never completely flat and the focus of a laser is always exact (this is one of the main reasons why I was considering the Glowforge laser, which has auto-focus).


My favorite jig.

The boards and pieces are engraved and cut at an angle (4 degrees), relative to laser bed layout and wood grain (see below). There are several reasons why I do this. The first is that it ensures that the pieces are less likely to break. Since I engrave on both sides there is a chance that the wood in the middle sheet (there is only 3 sheets in this plywood) would need to carry most of the strain. If the grain in this sheet is in the wrong direction the pieces would could break more easily. However, when engraved at an angle the grain cannot be parallel to the weakest point and the pieces are stronger. I also found that engraving at an angle makes the horizontal lines slightly lighter and the vertical lines slightly darker (this is due to the laser only flashing quickly when engraving thin vertical lines part while being continuously on while engraving thin horizontal lines – when engraving lines at 90 degree angles). The engraving is thus much more even. A larger angle would probably be better but 4 degrees is the maximum I can turn the parts and get the same number of boards cut.


Engraving the pieces at a 4 degree angle.


Engraving the boards – also at an angle.

After the pieces are engraved and cut, I engrave them on the other side.


The engraving of the back.


Pieces engraved and cut. Top – front engraving, slightly more stained because this is also the cutting side. Bottom – back engraving.

I remove the pieces and make a deep engraving to create recesses for the leather hinges and feet. This allows the leather parts to sit in the wood. It also ensure that the parts are glued much more securely. I add masking tape at this stage to reduce the amount of sanding needed to clean the part later.


Masking to reduce stain before deep engraving.


Recesses for hinges and feet.

Next the feet and hinges are cut.


Leather feet and hinges.

Once all the parts are cut, the biggest part of any woodwork project begins – sanding. First I remove the burrs on the bottom of the pieces where they were attached to the wood. This means they will slide more easily into and out of the recesses when the board is assembled (I also sand the burr in the recess).


Removing the small burr where the piece was attached.

I sand everything with 400 grit sandpaper to remove all the laser burns and stains, being careful not to sand to deep and remove any of the engraving.


The start of the sanding process.


Top – not sanded. Bottom – sanded. Both pieces were wiped with ethanol to remove some of the stains.

I stain the dark pieces with light walnut (this gives a similar color to the dark squares on the board).


Test staining to get the color correct.



After drying each piece is sanded again, very gently with 800 grit sandpaper. The light pieces is also sanded at 800 grit to give a silky smooth feeling to every piece.


More sanding – up to 800 grit.

During this time the board is assembled. The front and back parts are glued together.


Never enough clamps.

After gluing the edges are given a final sanding and the corners slightly softened.

The leather feet and hinges are glued in place. Small screws are added to the hinges, more for aesthetics than anything else. Everything is clamped overnight.


Adding the leather hinges.

The last part to make is a sleeve for each set. This is also done on the laser. Although it may not seem to be very exciting (and no one really cares to hear about this part) it is very nice, just insert cardboard or paper into the machine and get perfectly fitting boxes and sleeves (or circular labels). I of course spent a bit of time designing these but now I can make many without too much trouble.


Cardboard sleeves.


Perfect cut labels.

The final step is to check that each piece fits into their respective slots and into the board. I fix any minor problems with more gentle sanding, and touching up with stain if required.

With the pieces stored the board can be closed with the custom leather lathes. These are now ready to be sold (buy it here), used, or given away (see the video to see when I give them away).


Custom latches to keep set closed – see video for how they work.


Cat tax – photo of the Kwagga taste testing the camera tripod.

I think I am now done with the flat-pack type travel chess sets. I like this set more than the pixelated set. I may make another chess set in the future but the next project I am working on is more mechanical with several gears and other moving bits, stay tuned to see how it turns out…


Wooden Posters

DIY, New Item

I bought Lauan plywood a while ago to use as cheap material for constructing things in the workshop (e.g. work area in spray-paint booth). Using a cut off piece to test some of the settings on the laser soon changed my view of this material. The Lauan hardwood panels engrave very well – it is uniform and it allow for a very good scale of shades from light to dark. The wood itself is also nice when sanded and treated with some lacquer or oil. I thus started to use it to make engraved posters. The size of these are 30 cm x 40 cm (11.8 in x 15.7 in) but I am thinking of making large multi-panel maps.

Some of them are for sale here: BUY A WOODEN POSTER



I also made some book covers using this wood that can be seen here.

I am currently almost out of this wood but will probably get some more in the future.


A selection of notebooks.

DIY, New Item

Over the past year I have made a selection of notebooks all bound with Coptic Stitching. The first book I made was with a cover that I cut on a scroll saw. I have recently started to use a laser cutter to make even more detailed cutouts. This machine is also excellent for engraving and the range of covers have extended to include some very nice and detailed engravings. Many of the books are currently for sale here: Induku on Etsy.

In the future I will also make some kits with all the items (wooden covers, needle, thread, wax, bone folder etc.) to make your own Coptic Stitched book (excluding only the paper). Without the paper the weight will be low and the shipping cost will be much much less (I may even provide free shipping). The cost of the components and absence of labor (it takes me around 2 hours to bind one book) will also mean the price for a kit will be around 1/4 of the price of a book. Follow me on Facebook to see when the kits are available.

Here is all the Coptic Stitched notebooks that I have ever made (click on any image for a larger version):